After some posts about how to setup a Raspberry Pi, today I’ll share the steps I follow to install OpenCV.
Disclaimer: if you are looking for a detailed step by step on how to install or even build OpenCV in a Raspberry Pi, I strongly recommend to read the post “Install OpenCV on Raspberry Pi 4” by Adrian Rosebrock.
Ok, so let’s start. I assume that you read my posts and your Raspbian image is up and running.
Install Python 3 and Update device
1st step will be to install Python 3 with the following command
sudo apt-get install python3-dev
And run and update for all the installed software
sudo -- sh -c 'apt-get update; apt-get upgrade -y; apt-get dist-upgrade -y; apt-get autoremove -y; apt-get autoclean -y'
Install and use Virtual Environments
This will give us the base image to start working. And, in case we need to install different versions or different apps, I’ll use virtual environments to work with Python.
Let’s install VirtualEnv with the command
#create virtual environment sudo pip3 install virtualenv
Now let’s create a new virtual environment named “venv” with the command
virtualenv -p python3 .venv
And let’s activate the environment with the command
At this moment, the terminal should change and add a prefix (venv) in the bash.
Let’s update again
sudo apt-get update
And install prerequisites with the commands
sudo apt-get install gfortran sudo apt-get install libopenblas-dev sudo apt-get install liblapack-dev sudo apt-get install libatlas-base-dev sudo apt-get install libjasper-dev sudo apt-get install libqtgui4 sudo apt-get install python3-pyqt5 sudo apt-get install libqt4-test
or in a single command
sudo apt-get install gfortran libopenblas-dev liblapack-dev libatlas-base-dev libjasper-dev libqtgui4 python3-pyqt5 libqt4-test -y
This process will take some minutes, so this is time 1 to get a coffee!
Install OpenCV and switch to right Raspberry Pi version!
And now the magic command to install OpenCV
sudo apt-get install libopencv-dev
And this process is the one who take most of the time, so coffee number 2. Take a look at all the dependencies for this
And after a couple of minutes the process is done. We can test the OpenCV version running 2 simple python commands. First let’s start python with the command
And then run the following lines
import cv2 cv2.__version__
This should display the current OpenCV version.
However, with the latest version we have an error: ModuleNotFoundError: No module named ‘cv2’
The current installed version have some issues running in the raspberry py, so we need to make a downgrade to the version 184.108.40.206 with the command. We first uninstall the installed version (220.127.116.11) and install the specific version.
pip uninstall opencv-contrib pip install opencv-contrib-python==18.104.22.168
Now, we launch python again, run our 2 lines, and we got OpenCV up and running!
Bonus: Installed Packages
Finally, this is the current list of packages installed in the virtual environments and the version of each package
(.venv) pi@rpidev5:~ $ pip3 list Package Version --------------------- -------- numpy 1.18.1 opencv-contrib-python 22.214.171.124 pip 20.0.1 setuptools 45.1.0 wheel 0.33.6 (.venv) pi@rpidev5:~ $
- Raspberry Pi, Download Raspbian https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/raspbian/
- Raspberry Pi, Installing the Image https://www.raspberrypi.org/documentation/installation/installing-images/README.md
- AngryIP https://angryip.org/
My posts on Raspberry Pi
Dev posts for Raspberry Pi
- How to grant permissions to a folder after git clone, to perform dotnet restore on a Raspberry Pi
- How to install .Net Core 3.1 in a Raspberry Pi 4
- Installing Visual Studio Code in a Raspberry Pi 4, run as root, fix black screen
- How to install .Net Core in a Raspberry Pi 4 and test with Hello World
- Build and Run C# NetCore projects in a Raspberry Pi 4 with Visual Studio Code
- Let’s do some Git dev in Raspberry Pi 4 (GitHub and Azure DevOps!)
- Install OpenCV
- Install Python Virtual Environments in Raspberry Pi
Tools and Apps for Raspberry Pi
- Where is my Task Manager in RaspberryPi? Let’s try htop
- Multi-monitor in Raspberry Pi 4 rocks !
- Double Commander on RaspberryPi4, because files are important
- How to install Docker in a Raspberry Pi 4
- Installing Visual Studio Code in a Raspberry Pi
- Installing Visual Studio Code in a Raspberry Pi, run as root, fix black screen (Updated)
- 6 commands to install OpenCV for Python in a Raspberry Pi 4
Setup the device
- 1st Setup without monitor: auto connect to WiFi, enable SSH, update and more
- Setup without monitor: enable VNC
- How to enable auto start with HDMI safe mode
- Running a Python script in a Python Virtual Environment on reboot / startup